Messiah In the Feasts and Their Eschatological Implications, Part 4/7 (Shavu’ot/Pentecost)

Tony Wray is not only a recording artist but is also a teacher, and lecturer; having taught Messianic apologetics at numerous conferences, churches, and congregations.  If you would like to view a list of referrals from leaders, scholars, and theologians, or are interested in having Tony speak at your congregation or event, send an e-mail to


Shavuot/Pentecost: “The Feast of Weeks/Shavuot is celebrated during the May/June timeframe. Exodus 34:22 tells us: “Observe the festival of Shavuot with the first-gathered produce of the wheat harvest, and the festival of ingathering at the turn of the year….”

Torah directs the counting of 7 weeks (Omer), the next day (50th day) being Shavuot. The counting of the days and weeks convey the anticipation of and desire for the Giving of the Torah. In other words, at Passover, the Israelites were freed from their lives of slavery in Egypt; and 50 days later on Shavuot or Pentecost they received God’s Torah or Law, which committed them to God. This is why the Greek word for Shavuot is “Pentecost”, meaning “50”.It was on Pentecost that Moses received the Torah on Mount Sinai. Unfortunately Israel could not keep the Law….and so on Pentecost when they were found committing sin through their worship of the golden calf, according to Exodus 32:28, three thousand people were KILLED by the wrath of God. Remember this detail….we will revisit it in a moment


After His resurrection, the risen Messiah appeared to His disciples and told them to wait in Jerusalem until He sent forth “the promise” of His Father (Luke 24:49). Earlier in His ministry, Jesus tells His disciples that it is Him who sends the promise of the Comforter. This is no contradiction in light of the unique Oneness shared between the Father and the Son.

“But very truly I tell you, it is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Advocate will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you.” John 16:7

We are also told that the Comforter will testify of Jesus:

“But when the Comforter is come whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, He shall testify of Me.” John 15:26

The disciples, in obedience to the Master’s command, gathered in Jerusalem to wait for the Comforter – and the Comforter came…it is the Holy Spirit

“And when the day of Pentecost (Shavu’ot) had come, they were all together in one place. And suddenly there came from heaven a noise like a violent, rushing wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. And there appeared to them tongues as of fire distributing themselves, and the rested on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit…” — Acts 2:1-4


Furthermore, on this new Pentecost, the day that the Holy Spirit came, we learn that instead of 3,000 dying (as they did on the first Pentecost when Moses received the Law), 3,000 were added to the number of the disciples (Acts 2:41)! Instead of death for disobedience, they were given the Spirit – enabling them to keep the righteous requirements of the Law written on their hearts. And to atone for sins committed, we have the blood of the Passover Lamb….it all fits together perfectly!!!

Paul also expounds on this Pentecost connection in 2 Corinthians 3:7:

“Now if the ministry that brought death, which was engraved in letters on stone, came with glory, so that the Israelites could not look steadily at the face of Moses because of its glory, fading though it was, will not the ministry of the Spirit be even more glorious? If the ministry that condemns men is glorious, how much more glorious is the ministry that brings righteousness! For what was glorious has no glory now in comparison with the surpassing glory. And if what was fading away came with glory, how much greater is the glory of that which lasts!”

Yeshua’s Fulfillment of the Spring Feasts is Exact!

The accuracy with which Jesus fulfilled the Spring Feasts at His first appearance is inescapable! Because Jesus’ fulfillment of the Spring Feasts is so exact and in sequential order, it seems reasonable that He will also fulfill the remaining Fall Feasts in sequential order.

The four Spring Feasts picture the first coming of Jesus. He sacrificed Himself on the Feast of Passover, was buried on the Feast of Unleavened Bread, was resurrected on the Feast of First Fruits, and He sent the Holy Spirit on the Feast of Weeks (Shavuot/Pentecost).

Again, to recap:

• Yeshua is the Passover Lamb of God. “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!” — John 1:29.

• Yeshua is the Unleavened Bread of Life. “I am the living bread that came down out of heaven; if anyone eats of this bread, he shall live forever; and the bread also which I shall give for the life of the world is My flesh.” — John 6:51

• Yeshua is the First Fruits. “But now Messiah has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep” — 1 Corinthians 15:20.

• Yeshua sent the Holy Spirit on the Feast of Shavu’ot (Pentecost). “And when the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place… And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit…” — Acts 2:1-4