Messiah In the Feasts and Their Eschatological Implications, Part 4/7 (Shavu’ot/Pentecost)

Tony Wray is not only a recording artist but is also a teacher, and lecturer; having taught Messianic apologetics at numerous conferences, churches, and congregations.  If you would like to view a list of referrals from leaders, scholars, and theologians, or are interested in having Tony speak at your congregation or event, send an e-mail to hazakimbooking@gmail.com.

 

Shavuot/Pentecost: “The Feast of Weeks/Shavuot is celebrated during the May/June timeframe. Exodus 34:22 tells us: “Observe the festival of Shavuot with the first-gathered produce of the wheat harvest, and the festival of ingathering at the turn of the year….”

Torah directs the counting of 7 weeks (Omer), the next day (50th day) being Shavuot. The counting of the days and weeks convey the anticipation of and desire for the Giving of the Torah. In other words, at Passover, the Israelites were freed from their lives of slavery in Egypt; and 50 days later on Shavuot or Pentecost they received God’s Torah or Law, which committed them to God. This is why the Greek word for Shavuot is “Pentecost”, meaning “50”.It was on Pentecost that Moses received the Torah on Mount Sinai. Unfortunately Israel could not keep the Law….and so on Pentecost when they were found committing sin through their worship of the golden calf, according to Exodus 32:28, three thousand people were KILLED by the wrath of God. Remember this detail….we will revisit it in a moment

FULFILLED

After His resurrection, the risen Messiah appeared to His disciples and told them to wait in Jerusalem until He sent forth “the promise” of His Father (Luke 24:49). Earlier in His ministry, Jesus tells His disciples that it is Him who sends the promise of the Comforter. This is no contradiction in light of the unique Oneness shared between the Father and the Son.

“But very truly I tell you, it is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Advocate will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you.” John 16:7

We are also told that the Comforter will testify of Jesus:

“But when the Comforter is come whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, He shall testify of Me.” John 15:26

The disciples, in obedience to the Master’s command, gathered in Jerusalem to wait for the Comforter – and the Comforter came…it is the Holy Spirit

“And when the day of Pentecost (Shavu’ot) had come, they were all together in one place. And suddenly there came from heaven a noise like a violent, rushing wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. And there appeared to them tongues as of fire distributing themselves, and the rested on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit…” — Acts 2:1-4

PENTECOST1

Furthermore, on this new Pentecost, the day that the Holy Spirit came, we learn that instead of 3,000 dying (as they did on the first Pentecost when Moses received the Law), 3,000 were added to the number of the disciples (Acts 2:41)! Instead of death for disobedience, they were given the Spirit – enabling them to keep the righteous requirements of the Law written on their hearts. And to atone for sins committed, we have the blood of the Passover Lamb….it all fits together perfectly!!!

Paul also expounds on this Pentecost connection in 2 Corinthians 3:7:

“Now if the ministry that brought death, which was engraved in letters on stone, came with glory, so that the Israelites could not look steadily at the face of Moses because of its glory, fading though it was, will not the ministry of the Spirit be even more glorious? If the ministry that condemns men is glorious, how much more glorious is the ministry that brings righteousness! For what was glorious has no glory now in comparison with the surpassing glory. And if what was fading away came with glory, how much greater is the glory of that which lasts!”

Yeshua’s Fulfillment of the Spring Feasts is Exact!

The accuracy with which Jesus fulfilled the Spring Feasts at His first appearance is inescapable! Because Jesus’ fulfillment of the Spring Feasts is so exact and in sequential order, it seems reasonable that He will also fulfill the remaining Fall Feasts in sequential order.

The four Spring Feasts picture the first coming of Jesus. He sacrificed Himself on the Feast of Passover, was buried on the Feast of Unleavened Bread, was resurrected on the Feast of First Fruits, and He sent the Holy Spirit on the Feast of Weeks (Shavuot/Pentecost).

Again, to recap:

• Yeshua is the Passover Lamb of God. “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!” — John 1:29.

• Yeshua is the Unleavened Bread of Life. “I am the living bread that came down out of heaven; if anyone eats of this bread, he shall live forever; and the bread also which I shall give for the life of the world is My flesh.” — John 6:51

• Yeshua is the First Fruits. “But now Messiah has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep” — 1 Corinthians 15:20.

• Yeshua sent the Holy Spirit on the Feast of Shavu’ot (Pentecost). “And when the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place… And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit…” — Acts 2:1-4

Messiah In the Feasts and Their Eschatological Implications, Part 1/7 (Intro)

Tony Wray is not only a recording artist but is also a teacher, and lecturer; having taught Messianic apologetics at numerous conferences, churches, and congregations.  If you would like to view a list of referrals from leaders, scholars, and theologians, or are interested in having Tony speak at your congregation or event, send an e-mail to hazakimbooking@gmail.com.

To kick off the new blog at hazakim.com I will be starting with a series of lectures I’ve shared at different theological conferences & congregations over the past couple of years regarding the Biblical Feast days and how they inform our view of eschatology (end times).  This will be a 7 part series, ending in a summation of the evidence.  Let’s dig in!

templeThe Feasts of the Lord – Pictures of Messiah

Questions That Will Be Answered in This Series:

1)      What are the Feasts of the Lord?

2)      In what ways do these Feasts point to the work of Jesus?

3)      Why are the Feasts of the Lord important to New Testament believers?

4)      What are the eschatological implications of these truths?

What This Series is Not:

1)      This series is NOT a call to legalism or a call for non Jews to live as Jews.

2)      This series is NOT a call to gain knowledge for “knowledge” sake in order to sound more spiritual than others.  This teaching has practical implications in the life of a believer.

What are the Feasts of the Lord   

The “Appointed Times of the Lord”, or “Moedim Elohim”, have their start in the Book of Genesis – before there ever was a nation called Israel.  Our first glimpse of “moedim” being mentioned is in Genesis 1:14-15,

“Then God said, “Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs and seasons, and for days and years.”

The Hebrew word for sign here is the “Moed” and has the following meanings:

an appointment, that is, a fixed time or season; specifically a festival; conventionally a year; by implication, an assembly; technically the congregation; place of meeting; also a signal (as appointed beforehand):—appointed (sign, time), place of solemn assembly, feast, (appointed, due) season

The plural form of this word is “moedim”.  These Feasts are directly linked to our galaxy as they are based on a lunar calendar and coincide with the cycles of the moon.  In other words, our galaxy was created, with its stars and planets, as a sort of timepiece – for seasons and appointed times & assemblies.

sky

“Moedim” appear again upon the redemption of the nation of Israel from Egypt.  Through the great law-giver & prophet Moses, the Lord established specific national festivals which they were commanded to keep:

The Lord said to Moses, “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘These are my appointed festivals, the appointed festivals of the Lord, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies. “‘There are six days when you may work, but the seventh day is a day of sabbath rest, a day of sacred assembly. You are not to do any work; wherever you live, it is a sabbath to the Lord.   Lev 23: 1-3

Again the word “moed” appears, meaning “appointed time”.  The word used for “sacred assembly” in verse two, however, is “Mikra”, and literally means “rehearsal”.  And so the command here is for the nation to observe set times of sacred assembly for the purpose of rehearsing.  It is interesting to note that the Sabbath is also a “Mikra” (rehearsal) in addition to the “Feasts of the Lord”.   The question is:  What was Israel rehearsing for?

Before I answer that question let us review the implications of what we have already looked at:

These texts seem to imply that when God created the cosmic order and flung the planets and stars of our galaxy into their places, He set appointed times which were to be rehearsals for something(s) to come.

Notice that God did not say “these are the Feasts of Israel”, or “the Feasts of the Jews”.  These “appointed times” were God’s set appointments with His creation.   Though they were given to Israel they are never called “Jewish Feasts” or Jewish holidays” by the Lord.  More than cultural festivals, these are God’s sacred times of appointment with His people!

Upon reading both Old and New Testaments, it becomes clear that Jesus did major things on these Feast days in FULFILLMENT of their meaning.  It is no wonder that Jesus fulfilled these Feasts of the Lord as He is the promised Messiah of Israel.  First century believers in Yeshua understood that the feasts symbolized God’s plan of salvation through Yeshua, the long awaited Messiah. They continued to observe the feasts – as we will soon see – but with new joy and understanding of the substance that is the Messiah! 

We will look at the Feasts of the Lord, their Old Covenant origins and meaning, and their New Covenant fulfillments in Messiah.  We will see how God initiated these Feasts through His amazing deeds with the Nation of Israel, and how He brings their meaning to ultimate fulfillment through His Son.  It is important to note that, those Feasts which have reached their fulfillment were fulfilled ON THE VERY DAY of the Feasts…and IN SEQUENTIAL ORDER.  At this time, only the first set of Feasts (Spring Feasts) have been verifiably fulfilled.  The second set of feasts (The Fall Feasts) still await fulfillment.  We can also, based upon the background of the origins of the unfulfilled Feast Days – and in light of New Testament future promises, make an educated guess as to how Jesus will fulfill the rest.

We can rest assured that, if He fulfilled the FIRST set of Feasts of the Lord – bringing in the first phase of everlasting redemption – He will fulfill the rest.

In part 2, we will begin looking at the Spring Feasts of the Lord, as given to Israel, and how they point to – and magnify – the Messiah’s work of redemption.